SAVE COPIES OF YOUR OUTGOING MAIL! Like any other piece of software (and information generally), the qmail system comes with NO WARRANTY. It's much more secure and reliable than sendmail, but that's not saying much. Here's how to upgrade from qmail 1.00 to qmail 1.01. This procedure will overwrite the old qmail binaries. Furthermore, it may begin delivering messages from the queue before you have had a chance to test it. WARNING: The qmail-start command line has changed. Before starting, compare conf* to your old conf*, and make any necessary changes. Do not copy your old conf*; the baseline has changed. How to install: 1. Compile the programs: # make 2. Create the formatted man pages, *.0: # make man 3. Inform your users that mail will not be accepted for a few minutes. 4. Disable deliveries by killing your old qmail-send. Wait for it to print ``exiting'' in the log. 5. Disable SMTP service by commenting out the smtp line in inetd.conf; kill -HUP your inetd. (If you are using tcpserver, simply kill -STOP your tcpserver.) Wait for current qmail-smtpd processes to die. (If you are running a QMTP server, disable that too.) 6. Install the new binaries and man pages: # rm /var/qmail/bin/* /var/qmail/man/*/* # make setup 7. Run instcheck to make sure it doesn't print any warnings: # make check 8. Reenable deliveries: # env - PATH="/var/qmail/bin:$PATH" \ qmail-start ./Mailbox splogger qmail & Make sure to include the ./ in ./Mailbox. 9. Insert ./Mailbox into the qmail-start line in your boot scripts. 10. Reenable SMTP service by restoring the smtp line in inetd.conf; kill -HUP your inetd. (If you are using tcpserver, simply kill -CONT your tcpserver. If you are running a QMTP server, reenable that too.) How to test (steps 11-17 can be done before step 10): 11. Look for a qmail: running line in syslog. (The big number is a splogger timestamp.) 12. Local-local test: Send yourself an empty message. (Replace ``me'' with your username. Make sure to include the ``to:'' colon.) % echo to: me | /var/qmail/bin/qmail-inject The message will show up immediately in ~/Mailbox, and syslog will show something like this: qmail: new msg 53 qmail: info msg 53: bytes 246 from <me@domain> qp 20345 uid 666 qmail: starting delivery 1: msg 53 to local me@domain qmail: delivery 1: success: did_1+0+0/ qmail: end msg 53 (53 is an inode number; 20345 is a process ID; your numbers will probably be different.) 13. Local-error test: Send a message to a nonexistent local address. % echo to: nonexistent | /var/qmail/bin/qmail-inject qmail: new msg 53 qmail: info msg 53: bytes 246 from <me@domain> qp 20351 uid 666 qmail: starting delivery 2: msg 53 to local nonexistent@domain qmail: delivery 2: failure: No_such_address.__#5.1.1_/ qmail: bounce msg 53 qp 20357 qmail: end msg 53 qmail: new msg 54 qmail: info msg 54: bytes 743 from <> qp 20357 uid 666 qmail: starting delivery 3: msg 54 to local me@domain qmail: delivery 3: success: did_1+0+0/ qmail: end msg 54 You will now have a bounce message in ~/Mailbox. 14. Local-remote test: Send an empty message to your account on another machine. % echo to: me@wherever | /var/qmail/bin/qmail-inject qmail: new msg 53 qmail: info msg 53: bytes 246 from <me@domain> qp 20372 uid 666 qmail: starting delivery 4: msg 53 to remote me@wherever qmail: delivery 4: success: 220.127.116.11_accepted_message./... qmail: end msg 53 There will be a pause between ``starting delivery'' and ``success''; SMTP is slow. Check that the message is in your mailbox on the other machine. 15. Local-postmaster test: Send mail to postmaster, any capitalization. % echo to: POSTmaster | /var/qmail/bin/qmail-inject Look for the message in ~alias/Mailbox. 16. Double-bounce test: Send a message with a completely bad envelope. % /var/qmail/bin/qmail-inject -f nonexistent To: unknownuser Subject: testing This is a test. This is only a test. % (Use end-of-file, not dot, to end the message.) Look for the double bounce in ~alias/Mailbox. 17. Group membership test: % cat > ~me/.qmail-groups |groups >> MYGROUPS; exit 0 % /var/qmail/bin/qmail-inject me-groups < /dev/null % cat ~me/MYGROUPS MYGROUPS will show your normal gid and nothing else. (Under Solaris, make sure to use /usr/ucb/groups; /usr/bin/groups is broken.) 18. SMTP server test: Forge some mail locally via SMTP. % telnet 127.0.0.1 25 Trying 127.0.0.1... Connected to 127.0.0.1. Escape character is '^]'. 220 domain ESMTP helo dude 250-domain 250-PIPELINING 250 8BITMIME mail <me@domain> 250 ok rcpt <me@domain> 250 ok data 354 go ahead Subject: testing This is a test. . 250 ok 812345679 qp 12345 quit 221 domain Connection closed by foreign host. % Look for the message in your mailbox. 19. Remote-local test: Send yourself some mail from another machine. 20. Remote-error test: I think you can figure this one out. 21. UA test: Try sending mail, first to a local account, then to a remote account, with your normal user agent. 22. Remote-postmaster test: Send mail from another machine to PoStMaStEr@domain. Look for the message in ~alias/Mailbox. That's it! To report success: % ( echo 'First M. Last'; cat `cat SYSDEPS` ) \ | mail firstname.lastname@example.org Replace First M. Last with your name. If you have questions about qmail, contact email@example.com.